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  • 2

    Introductory Content & Batch Download

    • NCEExamPrep Study Manual - User License Agreement

    • MP3 Files Download - 04/2020 Update (.zip)

    • MP3 Track List - 04/2020 Update

    • Chapter Outlines - 04/2020 Update

    • Study Manual Excerpt

  • 3

    Study Manual Chapter 1

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    • 001 Chapter 1 - Normal Human Growth and Development - I. Developmental Research

    • 002 II. Life-Cycle, Life-Span Approach

    • 003 III. Nature vs. Nurture Controversy

    • 004 Psychoanalytic Theories - I. Sigmund Freud A, B, C

    • 005 Freud's Psychosexual Stages

    • 006 D. Freud's Ego Defense Mechanisms

    • 007 E. Other Freudian Concepts and Terms

    • 008 II. Carl Jung

    • 009 III. Alfred Adler

    • 010 IV. Harry Stack Sullivan

    • 011 V. Heinz Hartman

    • 012 VI. Karen Horney

    • 013 VII. Erik Erikson

    • 014 Erikson's Psycho-social Stages

    • 015 VIII. Arthur Chickering

    • 016 IX. Object Relations Theory

    • 017 Existential-Humanistic Theories - I. Abraham Maslow, II. Carl Rogers

    • 018 Cognitive Theories - I. Jean Piaget

    • 019 Piaget's Four Stages

    • 020 Piaget - A. Children's Sense of Morality, B. Mechanisms for Growth, C. Additional Terms

    • 021 II. David Elkind

    • 022 III. Lawrence Kholberg

    • 023 Kohlberg's Levels and Stages of Moral Development

    • 024 IV. Carol Gilligan

    • 025 V. Jane Loevinger

    • 026 VI. William G. Perry

    • 027 VII. Robert Kegan

    • 030 Cognitive Theories (continued) - VIII. Robert Havighurst

    • 031 Information Processing Theories

    • 032 Behavioral Theories & Social Learning Theories - Classical Conditioning - I. A. Ivan Pavlov

    • 033 B. John Watson

    • 034 C. Clark Hull

    • 035 D. Joseph Wolpe

    • 036 II. Operant Conditioning - A. Edward Thorndike

    • 037 B. B.F. Skinner

    • 038 1. Types of Reinforcements

    • 039 2. Schedules of Reinforcements

    • 040 Terms- Successive Approximation & Token Economy; Compare Classical & operant Conditioning; Compare Stage vss Conditioning Theories

    • 041 III. Vicarious Conditioning - A. ALbert Bandura

    • 042 B. George Kelly

    • 043 C. Edwin R. Guthrie

    • 044 The Measuring of Personality - I. Henry Murray

    • 045 II. Renee Spitz

    • 046 III. Raymond Cattell

    • 048 II. Renee Spitz

    • 049 III. Konrad Lorenz

    • 050 IV. John Bowlby

    • 051 V. Mary Ainsworth

    • 052 VI. Arnold Gessell

    • 053 VII. Stella Thomas & Alexander Chess

    • 054 VIII. Gibson's Visual Cliff

    • 055 IX. Jerome Bruner

    • 056 X. William SHeldon

    • 057 XI. Additional Miscellaneous Data

    • 058 An Overview of Growth & Development - I. Physical Beginnings

    • 059 II. Factors Influencing Prenatal Development A. Maternal Characteristics

    • 060 III. Generaly Accepted Assumptions ABout Physical Growth

    • 061 IV. Critical Details of Central Nervous System Development

    • 062 V. General Issues of the Developmental Stages - A. Birth to 2 Weeks Old

    • 063 B. Two Weeks to Two Years

    • 064 C. Two Years to Six Years

    • 065 D. Six Years to Sexual Maturity (Items 1 - 11)

    • 066 Gender Differences - Physical-Biological, Cognitive, Socioemotional, Sex Roles & Androgyny

    • 067 Six Years to Sexual Maturity (Item 12)

    • 068 E. Puberty to 18

    • 069 School and Education Related Issues

    • 070 G. Effects of Divorce and Remarriage on Parents and Children

    • 071 VI. Age-Related Patterns of Development - A. Birth to 4 Months

    • 074 B. 5 to 8 Months

    • 075 C. 9 to 12 Months

    • 076 D. 12 to 18 Months

    • 077 E. 18 to 24 Months

    • 078 F. 24 to 36 Months

    • 079 G. 36 to 48 Months

    • 080 H. Four years old

    • 081 I. Five years old

    • 082 J. Six, Seven and Eight years old

    • 083 K. Nine, Ten and Eleven years old

    • 084 Stages of Adult Development - I. Erik Erikson

    • 085 II. George Vaillant's Expansion of Erickson's Stages

    • 086 III. Roger Gould

    • 087 IV. Daniel Levinson

    • 088 V. Gail Sheehy

    • 089 VI. Alice Rossi

    • 090 VII. Four-Stage Cycle of Sexual Arousal

    • 091 Issues Related to the Aging Process - I. Adjustment to Aging

    • 092 II. Biology of Aging

    • 093 III. Realities of Aging

    • 094 Additional Miscellaneous Information - Numbers 1-10

    • 095 Numbers 11-20

    • 096 Numbers 21-30

    • 097 Numbers 31-40

    • 098 Numbers 41-50

    • 099 Numbers 51-60

    • 100 Numbers 61-70

  • 4

    Study Manual Chapter 2 (Newly Added!)

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    • 101 I. The NCE and Abnormal Psychology

    • 102 II. The DSM-5 Approach

    • 103 III. Neurodevelopmental Disorders

    • 104 IV. Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorder

    • 105 V. Bipolar and Related Disorders

    • 106 VI. Depressive Disorders

    • 107 VII. Anxiety Disorders

    • 108 VIII. Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders

    • 109 IX. Trauma-Related and Stressor-Related Disorders

    • 110 X. Dissociative Disorder

    • 111 XI. Somatic Symptom Disorder and Related Disorders

    • 112 XII. Feeding and Eating Disorders & XIII. Elimination Disorders - Enuresis and Encopresis

    • 113 XIV. Sleep-Wake Disorders

    • 114 XV. Sexual Dysfunctions

    • 115 XVI. Gender Dysphoria

    • 116 XVII. Disruptive, Impulse-Control and Conduct Disorders

    • 117 XVIII. Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders A-J

    • 118 XVIII. Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders, K

    • 119 XIX. Neurocognitive Disorders (NCDs)

    • 120 XX. Personality Disorders

    • 121 XXI. Paraphilic Disorders, XXII. Other Conditions That May Be a Focus of Clinical Attention, XXIII. Glossary of Technical Terms

  • 5

    Study Manual Chapter 3

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    • 133 Chapter 3 - Research and Statistics

    • 134 I. Introduction

    • 135 II. Methodology

    • 136 III. Research Methods and Designs

    • 137 IV. Types of Measurements Scales

    • 138 Descriptive Statistics - I. Types of Derived Scores

    • 139 II. Bell Curve

    • 140 III. Tables and Graphs

    • 141 IV. Measure of Central Tendency

    • 142 V. Measures of Variability

    • 143 VI. Measures of Relationship

    • 144 VII. Skewed Distributions

    • 145 Inferential Statistics - I. Level of Significance

    • 146 II. Type of Errors

    • 147 III. Most Commonly Used Types of Inferential Statistics

    • 148 IV. Statistical Abbreviations

    • 149 Stats Practice Questions

  • 6

    Study Manual Chapter 4

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    • 151 Chapter 4 - Appraisal or Assessment - Definition of Appraisal

    • 152 Ethical Issues in Appraisal and Assessment - I. Major Ethical Principles

    • 153 II. Multicultural Issues in Testing

    • 154 Psychometric Foundations of Appraisal - I. Reliability

    • 155 II. Validity

    • 156 III. Validity and-or Reliability

    • 157 IV. Test Construction Issues

    • 158 Recommendations for Professional Counselors Involved in Appraisal Activities

    • 159 General Appraisal Strategies - I. Criterion-Referenced vs. Normative-Referenced Tests

    • 160 II. Objective vs. Subjective Tests

    • 161 III. Individual vs. Group Tests

    • 162 Types of Standardized Tests

    • 163 Review of Selected Instruments - I. Individual Test of General Intelligence (IQ Tests)

    • 164 II. Tests for Special Populations

    • 165 III. Multiple Aptitude Tests

    • 166 IV. Tests of Psychopathology

    • 167 V. Test of Personality (Nondiagnostic)

    • 168 VI. Career and Vocational Testing

    • 169 Miscellaneous Information - I. Important Test Reference Books by John Buros

    • 170 II. Two Types of Thinking

    • 171 III. Individual Testing

    • 172 IV. Group Testing

  • 7

    Study Manual Chapter 5

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    • 173 Chapter 5 - Counseling Theories, Methods and Techniques

    • 174 The Helping Professional

    • 175 I. The Hazards of the Helping Professional

    • 176 II. Skilled Counselors vs. Poor Practitioners

    • 177 III. Core Dimensions

    • 178 IV. Gazda's Global Scale for Rating Helper Responses

    • 179 V. Carkhuff's Scale for Assessing Facilitative Interpersonal Counseling

    • 180 VI. Ivey and Authoer's Microcounseling Skills Approach

    • 181 Psychoanalytic Therapy

    • 182 Ego Defense Mechanisms

    • 183 Adlerian Therapy or Individual Psychology

    • 184 Other Neo-Freudians or Psychodynamic Analysts - Jung, Fromm, Rank, Erikson, Sullivan, Horney

    • 185 Existential-Humanistic Therapy

    • 186 Person-Centered Therapy (Client-Centered)

    • 187 Gestalt Therapy - Roman Numerals I through IX

    • 190 Gestalt Therapy (continued) - Roman Numerals X through XII

    • 200 Transactional Analysis

    • 201 Behavioral Therapy - Roman Numerals I through VIII

    • 202 IX. Key Behavioral Therapy Concepts, Terminology and Major Figures - Classical Conditioning-Respondent Conditioning

    • 203 Operant Conditioning-Instrumental Learning

    • 204 Vicarious Conditioning-Social Learning Theory

    • 205 Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy - (REBT) Cognitive Behavioral Style of Albert Ellis

    • 206 Cognitive Therapy - Cognitive Bahvioral Style of Aaron Beck

    • 207 Reality Therapy - Roman Numerals I through III

    • 300 Reality Therapy (continued) - Roman Numerals IV and XII

    • 301 Eclectic Therapy or Integrative Therapy

    • 302 Feminist Therapy (Gender-Fair)

    • 303 Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP)

    • 304 Additional Miscellaneous Information - Definitions- 1-11

    • 305 Definitions- 12 -20

    • 306 Definitions- 21-24

  • 8

    Study Manual Chapter 6

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    • 308 Chapter 6 - Introduction to Family Therapy - I. History and Evolution

    • 309 II. Systems Paradigm

    • 310 III. Couples

    • 311 IV. Familes

    • 312 Psychodynamic Family Therapy

    • 313 Satir's Experimental Family Therapy

    • 314 Whitaker's Experimental Family Therapy

    • 315 Structural Family Therapy

    • 316 Strategic Family Therapy

    • 317 Bowen Family Systems Therapy

    • 318 Milan Systemic Family Therapy

    • 319 Cognitive Behavioral Family Therapy

    • 320 Brief Solution Focused Family Therapy - Roman Numerals I through II

    • 322 Brief Solution Focused Family Therapy - Roman Numerals IV through IX

    • 323 Narrative Family Therapy

    • 324 Integrative Models

    • 325 Communications Model

    • 326 Miscellaneous Information - Definitions- 1-10

    • 327 Definitions- 11-20

    • 328 Definitions- 21-31

  • 9

    Study Manual Chapter 7

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    • 329 Chapter 7 - Consultation - I. Definitions

    • 330 II. Context

    • 331 Models of Consultation

    • 332 I. Caplan's Model of Consultation

    • 333 II. Schein's Model of Consultation

    • 334 III. Behavioral Model of Consultation

    • 335 IV. Training Model of Consultation

    • 335 V. Other Models of Consultation

    • 336 Establishing the Consultation Relationship - I. Three Important Issues

    • 337 II. Consultant Contracts

    • 338 III. Internal vs. External Consultants

    • 339 Related Knowledge and Skills - I. Diagnosing

    • 340 II. Evaluating Outcomes

    • 341 III. Understanding Organizational Culture and Change

    • 342 Ethical and Legal Issues - I. Values and Culture

    • 343 II. Competence

    • 344 III. Consultee and Client Rights

    • 345 IV. The Consulting Relationship

  • 10

    Study Manual Chapter 9 (Newly Added!)

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    • 380 Chapter 9 - Professional Orientation and Ethics- Historical Perspective - 1900's through 1990's

    • 381 Formation of the Counseling Profession - I. Professional Organizations

    • 382 Formation of the Counseling Profession - II. Credentialing of the Profession (A through D)

    • 384 Formation of the Counseling Profession - III. Counseling and the Mental Health Professions

    • 385 The Ethical and Legal Practice of Counseling - I. Ethical Concerns (A and B)

    • 386 The Ethical and Legal Practice of Counseling - I. Ethical Concerns (C, D and E)

    • 387 The Ethical and Legal Practice of Counseling - I. Ethical Concerns (F through H)

    • 388 The Ethical and Legal Practice of Counseling - I. Ethical Concerns (I through M)

    • 389 The Ethical and Legal Practice of Counseling - II. Legal Concerns

    • 390 The Ethical and Legal Practice of Counseling - III. Ethical Decision Making

  • 11

    Study Manual Chapter 8

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    • 347 Chapter 8 - Group Dynamics Theories and Techniques - History of Group Work

    • 348 Group Dynamics - Best Practices - I. Planning- Letters A-F

    • 349 Letters G-J

    • 350 II. Performing

    • 351 III. Group Processing

    • 352 Group Dynamics - Specific Topics - I. Leadership Styles- Letters A, B, C

    • 353 Leadership Styles- Letters D, E

    • 354 II. Group Development Stages - A. Specific Developmental Group Stages Propsed by Theorists

    • 355 B. Characteristics of Group Developmental Stages

    • 356 III. Group Structure

    • 357 IV. Member Roles and Behavior

    • 358 V. Therapeutic Factors and Forces

    • 359 VI. Assessing Group Outcomes-Results

    • 360 VII. Advantages and Diadvantages of Groups

    • 361 VIII. Classification of Groups

    • 362 IX. Types of Groups Requiring Specialized Training - A. Task and Work Groups

    • 363 B. Psychoeducation Groups

    • 364 C. Group Counseling

    • 365 D. Group Psychotherapy

    • 366 X. Other Types of Work

    • 367 XI. What Research Says About Group Work

    • 368 XII. Miscellaneous Information

    • 369 Group Therapy Theories and Techniques - I. Psychoanalytic Groups

    • 370 II. Adlerian Groups

    • 371 III. Psychodrama Groups (Jacob Moreno)

    • 372 IV. Existential Groups (Yalom, May, Frankl, Jourard, Maslow, Bugenthal, Moustakas)

    • 373 V. Person-Centered Groups (Carl Rogers)

    • 374 VI. Gestalt Groups (Fritz Perls)

    • 375 VII. Transactional Analysis Groups

    • 376 VIII. Behavioral Groups

    • 377 IX. Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy Groups (REBT) Albert Ellis

    • 378 X. Reality Therapy Groups (William Glasser)

    • 379 XI. Developmental Group Counseling (Life-Skills Training) George Gazda

  • 12

    Study Manual Chapter 10

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    • 392 Chapter 10 - Referral, Triage and Advocacy

    • 393 Crisis History - Roman Numerals V through X

    • 394 Definition of a Crisis - I. James and Gilliland

    • 395 II. Meyer

    • 396 III. Aguilera

    • 397 IV. Kanel

    • 398 Crisis Development - I. Four Stages of Development

    • 399 II. A Response Condition

    • 400 Differences in Crisis and Psychotherapy - I. Length of Treatment

    • 401 II. Purpose of Treatment

    • 402 III. Treatment Dimension

    • 403 Types of Crises - Roman Numerals I through IV

    • 404 Crisis Assessment Models - I. Psychoanalytic Theory

    • 405 II. Existential Theory

    • 406 III. Humanistic Theory

    • 407 IV. Cognitive-Behavioral Theory

    • 408 V. Systems Theory

    • 409 VI. Brief Theory

    • 410 VII. Adaptational Theory

    • 411 VIII. Chaos Theory

    • 412 IX. Eclectic Crisis Intervention

    • 413 X. Hoff Model

    • 414 XI. Slaikeu Model

    • 415 XII. Hendricks and McKean Model

    • 416 XIII. ABC Model of Crisis Intervention

    • 417 XIV. Triage Assessment Form (TAF)

    • 418 XV. Six-Step Model of Crisis Intervention

    • 419 Characteristics of Effective Crisis Workers

    • 420 Steps in Crisis Intervention - I. Assessment

    • 421 II. Planning Therapeutic Intervention

    • 423 III. Intervention

    • 424 IV. Resolution of the Crisis and Anticipatory Planning

    • 425 Categories of Crisis Intervention - I. Demobilization

    • 426 II. Crisis Management Briefing (CMB)

    • 427 III. Defusing

    • 428 IV. Critical Incident Stress Debriefing (CISD)

    • 429 General Principles of Crisis Intervention

    • 430 Referral Resources

    • 431 Advocacy Issues in Crisis Counseling

    • 432 Multicultural Perspectives in Crisis Intervention - Roman Numerals I through VI

    • 433 Roman Numerals VII through IX

    • 434 Legal and Ethical Issues in Crisis Counseling

    • 435 Applications of Crisis Intervention

  • 13

    Study Manual Chapter 11

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    • 436 Chapter 11 - Supervision - Defining the Term- I. Supervision Defined

    • 437 II. Purposes of Supervision

    • 438 III. Two Types of Supervision

    • 439 Models of Supervision - I. Psychodynamic Supervision

    • 440 II. Cognitive-Behavioral Supervision

    • 441 III. Person-Centered Supervision

    • 442 IV. Systemic Supervision

    • 443 V. Narrative Supervision

    • 444 VI. Developmental Approaches to Supervision

    • 445 The Supervisory Relationship

    • 446 Methods of Supervision

    • 447 Ethical, Professional and Legal Issues - I. Dual Relationships

    • 448 II. Competence

    • 449 III. Confidentiality and Informed Consent

    • 450 IV. Cultural Issues

    • 451 V. Liability and Malpractice

    • 452 VI. Record-Keeping

  • 14

    Study Manual Chapter 12

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    • 453 Chapter 12 - Career and Vocational Theories - I. Trait and Factor Career and Vocational Theories - A. Frank Parsons

    • 454 B. Williamson

    • 455 C. Herr and Cramer

    • 456 D. Chartrand

    • 457 II. Personality Career and Vocational Theory - A. Holland

    • 458 B. Roe

    • 459 C. Bordin, Nachman and Segal

    • 460 D. Bordin

    • 461 III. Social Learning Career and Vocational Theory

    • 462 A. Krumboltz, Mitchell and Gelatt

    • 463 B. Krumboltz

    • 464 C. Work Adjustment Theory - Dawis and Lofquist

    • 465 D. Accident-Chance Theory

    • 466 E. Azin and Besalel's 'Job Club'

    • 467 F. Schein's Stages and Transitions

    • 468 G. Status Attainment Theory

    • 469 H. Human Capital Theory

    • 470 I. Other Factos Influencing Career Choice

    • 471 IV. Developmental-Life SPan Career and Vocational Theory - A. Ginzberg, Ginsgurg, Axelrad and herma

    • 472 B. Super - 1. Super and 2. Lifespan

    • 473 3. Super's Life-Roles and 4. Super's Career Maturity

    • 474 C. Havighurst and D. Schlossberg

    • 475 E. Hoppock

    • 476 F. Okun

    • 477 V. Decision Making Career and Vocational Theory - A. Teidman

    • 478 B. Katz

    • 479 C. Gelatt

    • 480 D. Expectancy Theory

    • 481 E. A Self-Efficacy Model

    • 482 F. Bergland's 8 Steps of Decision Making

    • 483 G. Pete and Harren

    • 484 H. CASVE Cycle

    • 485 I. Eight Stage Approach

    • 486 J. Crites

    • 487 K. Conflict Model

    • 488 L. Risk-Taking and Its Influence

    • 489 VI. Additional Career and Vocational Theories - A. Cognitive information Processing Approach to Career Problem Solving

    • 490 B. Career Development from a Social Cognitive Perspective

    • 491 C. A Values-Based holistic Model of Career and Life-Role Choices and Satisfaction

    • 492 D. A Contextual Explanation of Career

    • 493 Sources of Information - I. Information in Print - Letters A through D

    • 494 Information in Print - Letter E

    • 495 II. Computer Software

    • 496 III. Computer-Assisted Career Guidance (CACG)

    • 497 IV. Information on the Internet - A. Internet Tools

    • 498 B. Specific Examples of Information on the Internet

    • 499 Career and Vocational Counseling for Special Populations - I. Women in the Workplace- A. Needs-Based Socio-Psychological Model

    • 500 B. Developmental Model of Occupational Aspirations

    • 501 C. Factos Affecting Women (Items 1 through 5 of 8)

    • 502 C. Factors Affecting Women (Items 6 and 7)

    • 503 C. Factors Affecting Women (Item 8)

    • 504 II. Careers for Persons with Disabilities

    • 505 A. Knowledge

    • 506 B. Abilities-Skillls

    • 507 III. Counseling for the Older Worker

    • 508 IV. Career Counseling for the Culturally Different

    • 509 Planning Career Development Programs

    • 510 Career Education

    • 511 General Job Market Information A through E

    • 512 General Job Market Information F and G

    • 513 American Work Ethic

    • 514 Ethical Guidelines for Career Counselors - I. National Career Development Association Guidelines (NCDA, 2002)

    • 515 II. Competencies

    • 516 III. Record Keeping

    • 517 IV. Electronic Storage

    • 518 Laws Governing Discrimination - I. The Equal Pay Act

    • 519 II. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

    • 520 III. Nineteenth Century Civil Rights Acts

    • 521 IV. The Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA)

    • 522 V. The Rehabilitaion Act

    • 523 VI. The American with Disabilitiese Act (ADA)

    • 524 VII. The Equal Opportunity Employment Commission

    • 525 VIII. Rehabilitation (Physical) Requirement Guidelines

    • 526 Resume Writing and Cover Letters - I. Resume Writing

    • 527 II. Cover Letters

    • 528 Stress

    • 529 History of the American Counseling Association

    • 530 Additional Career Development Terms - Terms 1 through 10

    • 531 Terms 11 through 20

    • 532 Terms 21 through 24

  • 15

    Study Manual Chapter 13

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    • 533 Chapter 13 - Social, Cultural and Family Issues - Part 1 - Social and Family Issues - I. Sociologists and Their Contributions

    • 534 II. Research Procedures, Principles and Strategies

    • 535 III. Social Psychology Theories - A. Role Theory

    • 536 B. Other Social Theories

    • 537 IV. Social Context Issues - Letters A-G

    • 538 Letters H-J

    • 539 Letter K - Spirituality and Religions

    • 540 V. Leading Causes of Death in the U.S

    • 541 VI. Contemporary Family Living Patterns

    • 542 Part 2 - Cultural Issues - I. Approaches to Viewing Cultures-Clients

    • 543 II. Cross-Cultural Dimensions - Letters A and B

    • 544 Letter C - American Ethnic Minorities

    • 545 1. American Indian or Alaska Native

    • 546 2. Black or African American

    • 547 3. Hispanic Americans

    • 548 4. Asian Americans

    • 549 Letter D - Discrimination and Stereotyping

    • 550 Additional Definitions 1-10

    • 551 Definitions 11-20

    • 552 Definitions 21-31